The concept of facial rejuvenation has changed over the last two decades. Where surgeons once believed that re-lifting the sagging facial tissues and structures was enough to reverse the effects of ageing, today, it’s a known fact that the underlying facial muscle layer also needs to be tightened to achieve long-lasting results.
Along with lifting and tightening the face, two other important factors that contribute to facial ageing need to be addressed during a facelift: skin quality and facial volume. If we simply re-lift the tissues and not address the appearance of the skin as well as volume loss, the results will remain suboptimal.
Using advanced techniques, Dr Chaithan Reddy is able to contour the face and neck and create a more youthful appearance by tightening, lifting and restoring volume to the face during facelift surgery.
Understanding Facelift Surgery
Facelift surgery is clinically known as Meloplasty or Rhytidectomy and is generally performed on people aged 40 to 65. However, it can be performed outside of this age bracket too.
The face goes through various changes as it ages, including the development of facial rhytids (wrinkles) and loss of skin tone and facial volume.
Volume loss occurs when there is a decline in fatty tissue and the facial bones start to thin, which can have a significant impact on the appearance of the face. With age, the top and bottom jaw will also lose projection and fullness, which is when cheekbone projection diminishes and the area around the chin starts to hollow. The development of jowls, together with ptosis (sagging) of the cheek structures, results in the face taking on a more “square” and aged appearance.
If you were to compare recent photos with past photos, you would see a noticeable difference in cheekbone fullness. The hollowness seen in the under-eye area is another change that occurs with age, which is why the addition of volume to these areas forms an important part of the rejuvenation surgery process. Restoring lost facial volume can be achieved by ‘soft’ filing (fat grafting) or ‘hard’ filling (implants).
Facelift surgery is performed byDr Reddy using techniques refined over the course of his career. After having spent time with one of America’s top facelift surgeons, he is able to employ these techniques to produce world-class superior facelift results. During your procedure, the facial tissues will be re-suspended to a more youthful position, which involves tightening the facial muscles, repositioning fat deposits, and tightening and removing excess skin.
There are various types of facelift procedures to choose from, ranging from MACS lifts to Short Scar and traditional facelifts. Dr Reddy will discuss the advantages and disadvantages of each approach and advise you on the preferred method. This is an important part of the discussion process so that a tailored technique can be employed to achieve an optimal result. It is this approach that often distinguishes Dr Reddy as a leading facelift surgeon in Sydney.
As highlighted above, restoring facial volume is an important part of the rejuvenating process. To restore lost facial volume, fat grafting can be used. Fat grafting is an effective method for restoring lost facial volume and can be performed at the same time as a face or neck lift. Please refer to our fat grafting section for further importation pertaining to this procedure.
Dr Reddy has a special interest and expertise in facial rejuvenation and tailors his techniques to address your specific concerns. The results of facelift surgery can be long-lasting. In fact, many patients report that they look up to 10 years younger.
View your potential results
Patients can get a clearer idea of the results they can expect following a facelift with the help of the VECTRA 3D imaging system. Dr Reddy uses this revolutionary system to help patients envision their results and create realistic expectations prior to surgery. The VECTRA system is used to capture images of your face from different angles. The three dimensional images allow Dr Reddy to more accurately demonstrate your areas of concern to you to so that not only will you have a better appreciation of the changes, but it will also allow a more accurate treatment plan to be formulated. Once these images are processed using Sculptor software, you will have a better idea of what you can look like after surgery.
Combining a Facelift with Other Procedures
Depending upon your specific needs, other procedures may be undertaken to complement your facelift surgery.
- Non-surgical procedures designed to improve the texture of the skin can also be combined with facelift surgery
- Brow lift, neck lift, and eyelid surgery may be performed at the same time as a facelift.
- Fat grafting to restore lost facial volume can also be undertaken at the same time as this surgery.
To protect your skin before and after facelift surgery, sun protection and maintaining a good daily intake of water to keep the skin hydrated is essential. Ultraviolet rays from the sun are considered one of the leading contributors to premature ageing. Therefore, minimising direct UV exposure, wearing hats and using UV lotion is an important starting point in optimising skin quality.
Smoking is another factor that can have harmful effects on your skin’s appearance and changing this negative habit can play a crucial role in minimising the problematic skin changes that occur.
You can also speak to our dermal therapist about the right skincare products for optimising skin quality and texture. When indicated, non-surgical measures such as peels, laser treatments and microneedling can also be used to optimise your skin after your surgery.
How is Facelift Surgery performed?
Facelift surgery does not simply involve pulling back and tightening the skin. This is what has been originally described, but as techniques have evolved, there has been a better understanding of what produces good long lasting results. As one might already know, the skin’s ability to keep its tone reduces with age. Hence we can not rely on the skin alone to keep things tight. Whilst simulating the results of surgery by pulling on the skin, can provide an idea of the anticipated results, what is actually being done in this manouvre, is traction force that is being applied on the underlying structures, namely the facial fat pads and SMAS layer. SMAS refers to the superficial muscular aponeurotic system. This is the key structure involved in facelift surgery. The SMAS is a muscular layer that is modified in facelift surgery. It does not “give “ like skin, and so a tightening of the SMAS layer is often what is undertaken to achieve elevation and correction of the jowls. This has the effect of producing a defined jawline.
The SMAS layer lies deep to the skin. Once the skin is elevated via the predetermined incisions, the SMAS layer is exposed. The SMAS is modified either by way of a SMASectomy or SMAS plication procedure. Some surgeons stick to one or the other, without consideration of the potential benefits of adopting a certain approach to the patients’ specific requirements. The surgeon should have a good understanding of when to use a SMASectomy or SMAS plication, rather than adopt a ‘one size fits all’ approach. There are various factors to consider and Dr Reddy adopts the approach that bests fits your facial shape.
Once the SMAS muscle is tightened and the desired contour achieved, the excess amount of overlying skin becomes evident and addressed. This is in effect a tailoring procedure. Experience and technique is important in this aspect of the surgery. Poor technique can result in skin bunching, undesired puckering and poor scar outcomes.
Where are Facelift incisions placed?
There are two relatively common approaches to incision placement in facelift surgery. Having said that, experience and an appreciation of hair distribution are important factors in choosing the preferred site of the incisions in each individual case. The length of the incision can also vary depending on the amount of skin tailoring that is required. Dr Reddy will be able to accurately advise you on this prior to surgery.
Incisions can be placed along the hairline or with in the hair. Again, at face value, one might feel that incisions hidden in the hair will be less visible. This is not necessarily the case, and Dr Reddy will be able to advise on the advantages and disadvantages of each approach and what might be best suited for your specific facelift procedure.
Another concept to consider is incision (scar) length. ‘Shor scar’ techniques or smaller incisions are often popularised through media and marketing, obviously because of the concept of minimal scarring. Whilst Dr Reddy does employ short scar techniques where indicated, such approaches may not necessarily be the best approach in certain patients. Dr Reddy will be able to clearly advise on what might be best suited to your needs. The decision is often dictated not by the surgeons ability to do everything though a small scar, but rather how much skin needs to be tailored. To put it in simple terms, a well planned and executed facelift with appropriate incision length can look far more favourable and natural than a poorly executed facelift with short scars. The latter, despite having short scars will likely lead to skin bunching and puckering with suboptimal contour. Dr Reddy will be able to clearly advise on the anticipated length of your incisions following the consultation process.
What are the tell-tale signs of a facelift?
Tell-tale signs of a facelift can arise as a result of a poor planning, and it is therefore important that your surgeon has an intricate knowledge facial anatomy, and a good understanding of the decision making processes pertaining to incision placement, SMAS modification and skin tailoring.
Tell take signs include:
- Scar spread
- Skin puckering and pleating
- Skin dimpling
- Pixie ear
- Scar alopecia
- Hairline notching
Decision making based on experience, excellent surgical technique, and proper planning will help minimise the risks of the above unwanted sequela.
What is the recovery like after a facelift?
As per recommended NSW health guidelines, facelift surgery is undertaken in hospital. Patients are typically in hospital overnight and are able to go home the next day. Pain is minimal and patients receive appropriate pain killers and antibiotics prior to discharge. You will go home wearing a facelift compression garment. It is important to rest for the first two weeks after surgery to optimise the healing and recovery process. Generally allow for 2-3 weeks before you can return to work. Swelling and bruising are the common visible sequela after surgery. Bruising typically resolves in a 2 week time frame. Swelling can take longer to resolve, although the vast majority of swelling subsides in the first one to two weeks. Residual swelling will continue to subside over the subsequent two months. If concurrent fat grafting is undertaken, then a greater degree of swelling can result. It is important to follow the prescribed post-operative regime to facilitate the recovery process and avoid any unexpected sequla that might delay your recovery period.
Learn More about Face Lift Surgery
When investing time and money in a procedure that demands attention to detail and a personalised surgical approach, it is important to do your research. Prices can vary significantly depending on the location and ‘name’ of a surgeon. Choosing a surgeon based on price alone is not the right approach and patients should rather use great results, qualifications and experience as a starting point.
If you would like to learn more about facelift surgery please contact The Plastic Surgery Clinic & Medispa today.
Facelift Before and After
Every patient is unique and results may vary. Surgery and all health regulated services carry risks that need to be discussed with your doctor to ensure you are fully informed and realistic outcomes have been explained.
Facelift Surgery FAQs
Recovering from a facelift usually takes about two weeks and even though patients can return to work after this time, it’s best if any vigorous activity only be resumed after a month. As you can imagine, if you choose to combine a facelift with additional procedures, it could increase the recovery time required. During your facelift recovery, you will experience some mild bruising and swelling for several days. Patients can also expect to experience some discomfort but this can be managed with prescription pain medication.
If the bands of the neck aren’t overly large or pulling the muscles back, there isn’t a lot that needs to be done to the neck during surgery. Liposuction can be performed if there is excess fat in the neck, however, too much fat removal can make the skin look thin and papery. If the neck needs to be addressed, an incision is made under the chin and the muscles are tied together in the centre to create a smoother appearance.
While the results of a facelift are not permanent, most patients can expect to enjoy the results of their surgery for up to 10 years. Undergoing additional non-surgical treatments on an ongoing basis after your surgery can also help extend the results of your facelift.
While using well described approaches to facelift surgery, Dr Reddy also carefully takes into consideration your anatomy in determining optimal incision placement. This is what distinguishes him from many other surgeons that may use a stock standard approach to facelift incisions. It is this tailored approach that helps makes patients’ scars so optimal. It is important to note that scarring is an inevitable part of any surgical procedure but with the right care, facelift scars can be almost invisible after six months.
It’s highly recommended that you sleep on your back after your facelift and keep your head elevated for two to four weeks. This will help reduce any swelling and keep discomfort levels to a minimum. To sleep more comfortable, it helps to prop your head up using pillows. You can also place pillows at the sides of your face to stop yourself from rolling over.
Full facelifts are recommended for patients that are further along in the ageing process and have severe sagging skin and wrinkles, developed jowls and are struggling with a loss of muscle tone in the midface and lower facial region neck. In individuals who primarily have sag and flattening in the under-eye region and upper cheek region, a midface lift is a more suitable procedure. Basically, patients who feel that they need a more dramatic and comprehensive result by addressing the entire facial region, are better suited to a full facelift. Dr Reddy will take you through these two options during your consultation process.